Consider the following Australian MHR (My Health Record System)
The MHR system is a new initiative in Australia to put all the patients’ records (e.g., demographic data, daily medical records, previous medical information, diagnosis data, insurance information, and so on) into one place.
The MHR is a software system that will allow different parties to communicate securely and provide reliable services to patients.
For exploratory purpose, a core MHR system is built which keeps and maintains data and information about the patients, doctors, nurses, specialists, medical receptionists, and so on.
The MHR system controls our health information securely in one
place. It is really our choice – we can keep our MHR with basic
information, or we can allow more information to MHR users or
permanently delete the record. A MHR user is an individual who has
right to use patients’ health information. For example, A Doctor
can do the following actions through MHR system: Login to the
system, Access patients’ health information, Write prescription,
Recommend patient to the specialists. The MHR system also gives our
pharmacists a clearer picture of our health
A receptionist is responsible to enter the information of a patient. The information
about a patient includes their name, address, date-of-birth, contact number, and food
•A doctor can issue a prescription if the patient asks for one. A doctor also can recommend the patient to medical specialists. A doctor can access a patient’s medical records that are stored into the MHR database.
• In your answer, you can make other assumptions, according to the relevant
interactions between the MHR system and different actors. However, you should
clearly state them.
The following use cases may be identified, which analyse the MHR
Login to the system
Add a patient
Ask a patient to provide postal address
Access patients’ health information
Recommend patient to the specialists
Display patient demographic records
Display patient medical records
Based on the above-presented MHR scenario, you can demonstrate different processes by showing the actions and the flows among the actions (use activity diagrams to demonstrate the processes). Firstly, consider the description of the processes from the MHR scenario (e.g., ‘to issue a business order’ can be a process for a business application scenario) and identify different actions for that process (e.g., ‘receive order’ and ‘close order’ are two actions for the process named ‘to issue a business order’). Finally, draw one or more activity diagrams for those two processes using the following symbols (action, flow, decision point, merge point, fork point, join point and so on). You can use different symbols based on your need.
You also can draw malicious activity diagrams (MADs or mal-activity diagrams) covering security flaws of the processes. Firstly, you have to identify the relevant malicious actions by thinking a hacker’s activities (e.g., ‘send an email with malware’ is a malicious action), then draw your MADs. For example, you can draw an activity diagram for a process named ‘login to the MHR system’; you can draw a MAD diagram – ‘how a hacker can receive login credentials’? You can attach your MAD parts along with your activity diagrams.
Please attempt the following three activities. Activity (1): –
Identify two processes from the above-mentioned MHR scenario – 4 marks
Write simple descriptions for those processes – 4 marks
Identify relevant actions for those processes – 4 marks
Identify malicious actions against those actions – 4 marks
Draw activity diagrams along with malicious activities – 10 marks
Different users can interact using MHR system and do different actions – you can use
activity diagrams to demonstrate such actions. Identify how a hacker could potentially
Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14 th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell.
In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings ( Cheney, 2016) . The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.
God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader ( Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017) . While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.
Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “ arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.
To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.
Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed , 267.
Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies , 4 (8), 487.
Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica , 285-297.
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